There are different options available for removing varicose veins. The one your doctor chooses depends on the size of your veins and how close to the surface they are. Some of the treatments are quick and easy. They can be done in the doctor's office and require minimal recovery time. Here are some of the treatments your doctor may suggest if your varicose veins are small and close to the surface of the skin.
The first step your doctor may advise is to treat your veins with lifestyle changes. For instance, losing weight may help your condition. If your excess weight is from pregnancy, your doctor may advise a wait-and-see approach since the veins may gradually disappear on their own after you have your baby. Your doctor may also recommend that you wear compression stockings during the day to stimulate circulation in your legs, especially if you have to stand or sit in the same position for several hours at a time. Elevating your legs may relieve pressure on the veins and reduce swelling that causes discomfort. Compression stockings, weight loss, wearing loose clothing, and elevating your legs often throughout the day might be enough to help your condition or at least keep it from getting worse.
One treatment that is available for varicose veins is done in your doctor's office, and it doesn't even require an incision. Instead, your doctor zaps the veins through your skin with a laser device. This treatment only works if the veins are close to the skin so the light can reach them. The laser damages the vein it hits, so the vein closes off and eventually shrivels away. The results aren't instant; however, you should notice the veins gradually fade away in the coming weeks after the treatment.
Sclerotherapy is another treatment option that is very effective on varicose veins. It doesn't require an incision either, as long as the veins are close to the surface of your skin. However, it does require an injection. Your doctor injects a chemical solution into each vein that causes it to close off. Just like laser treatments, it takes a few weeks to see results because your body has to gradually absorb the shriveled vein until it disappears.
Both of these office treatments are fairly quick procedures that require very little recovery time. You can generally go about your usual activities after the treatment. You can have multiple veins treated the same day, and your doctor may schedule a series of appointments to ensure all the veins are treated and gone. Other veins in your legs will take over blood circulation, so there is no danger to blood flow when you remove surface varicose veins. If you have varicose veins that are deeper, these can be treated too, but the treatments are a little more complex, since your doctor may need to cut into your leg to reach the veins or insert a remote camera for guidance during the procedure.